If i catch him about to potty somewhere i make a noise like HEY or NO pick him up and bring him to where hes supposed to potty a firmly say potty here. thats all and thats only been a few times. the whole going outside i live in the city and dont have a backyard and dont trust the dogs that have passed so im going to wait on that til atlear 3-4 months just to make sure. i just get mixed info on tat topic so im playing it safe. i will take him to puppy classes in a few weeks after he gets all his shots to socialize.