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What Pug Owners Should Know About Epulis

You think that your Pug has Epulis – now what are you going to do? First, take a deep breath. Now, we’re going to go over some of the specifics of this disease and what you can expect to happen. These details outline Epulis so you’ll be able to determine the best line of treatment for you pug.

Unfortunately, there’s not one thing that can be considered the cause of Epulis. The disease is grouped into three types, based on tissue of origin:

Fibromatous Type: These are tumors that have a stalk or stem (pedunculated) and are non- ulcerative.

Ossifying Type: These are tumors are that are pedunculated non-ulcerative.

Acanthomatous Type: This is a benign group of tumors that happen to be the most aggressive. Locally invasive, Acanthomatous Type tumors can result in the destruction of bone tissue.

Your dog may have a mild case of Epulis and will not show any clinical symptoms. The only way to catch it in this case is accidentally, during the course of a routine examination.

Be on the lookout for the common Epulis symptoms:

•Facial deformities
•Bad breath
•Presence of a growing mass along the periodontal tissue
• Loose Teeth
•Excessive drooling
•Bleeding from the gums and other parts of the mouth
•Unexplained loss of weight
• Difficulty eating

If you notice that your Pug exhibits a number of these symptoms, you should take him into a vet’s office to get checked out. Your vet will run several tests to see if your Pug suffers from Epulis. Diagnostic tests can be performed, included Complete Blood Count (CBC), urinalysis, and biochemical profile, which are performed to establish baseline values.

Once the vet runs the CBC test, it’s on to an inspection and examination of your pug’s oral cavity. Your vet will be better able to assess the extent of growth and destruction of oral tissues, including the gums and teeth. Other ways to rule out other types of oral tumors include x-rays of the mouth and chest, CT scans, and a biopsy of the tumor.
In some cases, your vet will recommend that the best choice of treatment for Epulis may be surgery.

Depending on the size and type of Epulis, the tumor will be excised or totally removed. Fibromatous Epulis and Ossifying Epulis are typically removed by surgery and it may partial mandibulectomy (removal of the lower jaw) and maxillectomy (removal of the upper jaw). Another route you can take is radiation therapy.

After your Pug has been treated for Epulis, the next step is supportive care. This is an important aspect of therapy. Your Pug will have to eat soft foods in order to help stop or prevent tumor ulceration, and this food can also be soothing after surgery.