Show your support

What You Should Know About Anterior Uveitis

Several factors have been recognized as important causes of Anterior Uveitis:

•Infections caused by pathogenic microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi—more common in dogs that spend a substantial amount of their time outdoors, exposed to potential pathogens.
•Immune-mediated conditions: cases are mostly breed specific
•Trauma or injury to the eye
•Metabolic Diseases
•Escape of protein from the lens of the eye into the eye fluid, a condition frequently linked with the occurrence of cataracts.
•Tumors or cancers: prevalent in older dogs
•Idiopathic or unknown causes

Aside from being a primary disease, Anterior Uveitis may also be a sign of a more serious underlying condition in your dog’s body.

Clinical manifestations of Anterior Uveitis include pain, tearing, redness, squinting particularly in bright light, the pupil may appear small or uneven in shape, the iris is unevenly colored, and there may be a cloudy appearance in the anterior or front part of the eye.

Several steps and tests are usually conducted in order to eliminate other causes and come up with the best treatment strategy for your Pug. Your veterinarian will make a comprehensive physical examination and get a complete medical history. With the aid of an opthalmoscope, the different portions of the eye can be thoroughly examined. Tonometry is another procedure which can be used to assess the pressure within the eye. Other diagnostic tools include blood tests, ultrasound, x-rays, and examination of fluid samples, called aspirates, obtained using a small needle from inside the eye.

The line of treatment for Anterior Uveitis involves both symptomatic and specific therapy. Surgical intervention may be done if the situation calls for one.

Symptomatic treatment includes topical medications such as eye drops or ophthalmic ointments which are placed on the affected eye. Oral medications are given to alleviate pain and inflammation. Specific treatment is designed to target the exact cause and may be an antibiotic, antifungal, or medications to reduce immune-mediated inflammation. Surgical intervention is indicated when a tumor or secondary complications are present and no positive results have been achieved with medications. In some cases, surgical removal of the eye may be necessary.